Frequently one finds that sellers guess-timate the age of a piece to show the item in its most favorable light. Weekend collectors–in a post-brunch glow and accompanied by a charming companion–are all too ready to hear the best of an object that has attracted their attention. As we say on the Street: That’s what makes a trade. But my column is about investment in tangibles–not about entertainment. If you are investing in an object for resale, it is useful to have something more concrete than a distant memory of a hopeful conjecture an enthusiastic dealer made in passing. In , the US Patent Office opened for business.
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If limited strictly to religious practices, an inventory of ceremonial and ritualistic objects remains incomplete, because these objects have played significant roles on solemn secular occasions, such as consecrations, enthronements, and coronations, which may be closely linked to the divine order, as in Hindu -, Buddhist-, and Christian -influenced cultures. Icons and symbols Constituting a most-significant category of cult objects are representations of a deity. Though such representations are often depicted in the form of statues and images icons of divine or sacred beings, they may also be either figurative or symbolic , the meanings often being equivalent.
In Tantrism an Indian esoteric , magical, and philosophical belief system centred on devotion to natural energy , for example, the sacred Sanskrit syllable Om —which is a transcendent word charged with cosmological order-of-the-universe symbolism—is identified with the feminine counterpart of the god.
Plating is a process dating back to the s. It is a coating of a layer of one metal deposited onto another using an electrically charged chemical bath. In the case of silver, it allowed the average person to possess objects that, made out of solid silver, had only been available to the wealthy. An item is first created out of a “base metal” such as copper, brass, nickel silver, brittania, or white metal alloys. It is then highly polished, submerged in the bath containing silver solution and solid silver , electrically charged for approximately one-half hour, and then repolished.
Some modern-day companies first apply a heavy layer of nickel to avoid the time-consuming buffing process then a light layer of silver. We do it the old-fashioned way – careful preparation with a thick silver plate which gives the job a deep, realistic appearance and should last a good twenty years. The same applies to our brass, copper, and gold plating.
Keep in mind that if something is solid brass or sterling silver, it does not require plating, just a professional cleaning and polishing.
Dating antique brass. Brass Pre Antique Candlesticks
After treatment the marble was cleaned and treated with a protective wax. After careful reconstruction of the damage done by fitting knobs the piece was french polished and waxed. After Careful re-gluing and doweling of the ring, some minor veneer repairs the piece was french polished and waxed. Victorian Writing table This late Victorian Writing table had suffered badly from watermarking.
If conventional dating is followed, ancient man seems to be far more ancient than he should be. In fact, he must have been thriving before he is supposed to have evolved. Second, ancient man was a very sophisticated person.
History[ edit ] Although forms of brass have been in use since prehistory ,  its true nature as a copper-zinc alloy was not understood until the post medieval period because the zinc vapor which reacted with copper to make brass was not recognised as a metal. Many have similar tin contents to contemporary bronze artefacts and it is possible that some copper-zinc alloys were accidental and perhaps not even distinguished from copper.
There is good archaeological evidence for this process and crucibles used to produce brass by cementation have been found on Roman period sites including Xanten  and Nidda  in Germany , Lyon in France  and at a number of sites in Britain. The fabric of these crucibles is porous, probably designed to prevent a buildup of pressure, and many have small holes in the lids which may be designed to release pressure  or to add additional zinc minerals near the end of the process.
Dioscorides mentioned that zinc minerals were used for both the working and finishing of brass, perhaps suggesting secondary additions. These places would remain important centres of brass making throughout the medieval period,  especially Dinant. Brass objects are still collectively known as dinanterie in French.
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Brass objects have been found dating back as far as BCE. Brass has many different uses, for example, musical instruments, utility objects such as door handles, coinage and as a decorative substitute for gold. Brass is an alloy of copper and zinc, however the exact composition can vary.
By Zololkree Examine it for signs that it may be handmade. If the item is large, take pictures to bring with you. Antique Reproductions The value of antique reproductions can be high and solid brass ones will likely appreciate over time. How to Identify General Antiques For other antique objects, the process involves more examination of the item and its construction.
Prior to the industrial revolution, most toys were made by hand. Video about dating antique brass: Ago for the intention stuff now. Upset friendships were matted concerning C. All stars will have shanks — there were no offense bells made in this era. Sharp users were matted till C.
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Please update your billing information in My WorthPoint to reactivate your account! No comments This hand-made screw has obvious signs of its origin. Note the flat spot on the shaft near the head. That is a remnant of the square nail stock. The thread varies is depth and pitch all over the shaft and the shaft has no point.
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Charlotte Schriwer of the Nasser D Khalili Collection of Islamic art examines the achievements of the early Islamic scientists; skilled physicians, mathematicians and astronomers who seamlessly combined religion and science. Detailed scientific manuals and handbooks,elaborately decorated magic medicine bowls, talismans and amulets, and rare alchemical equipment, as well as delicately produced globes mapping stars and constellations across the skies, add to this incomparable collection of scientific instruments and tools.
Many of these have not been studied in great detail, and although their function and purpose may still remain an enigma to scholars of Islamic art and history today, there is no doubt that these objects were essential and reflect the necessity of science in everyday life for any individual, regardless of their status in society. Furthermore, although not all objects may display great beauty in the historical sense, their interest lies in their purpose; if not in the aesthetic, at least in the functional.
Medieval Islamic scholars were renowned for their scientific knowledge and were often far ahead of their European counterparts. Faith and the Physical In Islam, science and religion are often closely related. Medicine was one of the sciences for which medieval Islamic scholars were most famous.
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Click on images to view larger size. The ammunition pictured in the article was used by the United States unless otherwise noted. A complete round of artillery ammunition, with the exception of blank ammunition, always consists of a projectile, propellant, and a primer.
Bronze and brass objects, some of them copying shapes in precious metal, were inlaid with silver and copper or gold. At roughly the same time, hammered brass began to replace cast brass in the manufacture of luxury metal-ware.
It has been a fantastic journey to be able to work on this catalogue, which is now available online here. Like magicians, together with his son, Claude b. At the heart of this momentous strand of last pearls is the Hawaiian god figure lot What we know today is that is can now be appreciated amongst the greatest works of art ever created — equal on the great world stage to any other iconic sculpture to which it could possibly be compared.
Important to note that they are each carved from the same wood — metrosideros — or ohi lehua. A symbolic tree found only in the high mountains with red flowers and once cut the core looks like raw flesh. With its deep, black patina and tight posture and carving details, it is an archaic style of one of the most celebrated sculptural figures of the South Pacific — the ancestral Uli.
It was seen at the landmark exhibition at Galerie Pigalle, and as one of the few Oceanic works of art presented, it was featured in an editorial review of the show penned by Carl Einstein, another luminary of the early 20th century, a critic and historian who championed both modern and African and Oceanic art. Another amazing discovery is a beautiful and classical Hemba figure from the Democratic Republic of Congo lot , representing a heroic ancestor among his clan.
Using Radiocarbon Dating to Establish the Age of Iron
Carillons Carillons are musical instruments made of at least 23 conventional tower bells which have been tuned so that they can be played together in harmony. There are two varieties: Traditional carillons use a keyboard with baton-shaped manual keys, a pedalboard, and “tracker” action direct mechanical connection for precise dynamic control and dynamic musical expression.
Most have no capability whatsoever for musical expression.
Plating is a process dating back to the s. It is a coating of a layer of one metal deposited onto another using an electrically charged chemical bath. In the case of silver, it allowed the average person to possess objects that, made out of solid silver, had only been available to the wealthy.
Screws are relative newcomers to the production of furniture primarily because they are so hard to make by hand. But as the complexity and sophistication of furniture increased in the late 17th century and the use of brass hardware, locks and concealed hinges became more popular, there was an obvious need for a fastener that could hold two surfaces together without having to penetrate the back surface of the second piece.
The screw on the left was handmade in the late 18th century. Note the flat spot on the shaft, the irregular threads, blunt tip and the off center slot. The screw in the center is machine made around It has sharp, even threads, a cylindrical shape, blunt end and the slot is still off center. The screw on the right is a modern gimlet screw, post , with tapered shaft, even threads, pointed tip and centered slot.
The handmade nails of the period derived much of their holding power from the ability to drive the nail through two surfaces and bend it over on the backside, i. But that solution would not work for securing the top on a chest of drawers or table top without either driving a nail through the top from above or clinching it on the top to hold it fast. The same problem arose while trying to affix a lock to the backside of a drawer.
For a nail to hold it would have had to be driven through the front of the drawer.
Unearth your Jewish heritage. Knowing the type of photo can still leave a large time period, but if you know the subject of the photo, your genealogical research should be able to help you narrow that. When was the subject born? Did he live in a city or a small town? What work did he do? Both the men in my photo are young, but one appears to be older than the other, and he has arm slung around his younger brother’s shoulders.
Dating antique brass response the lenses, one more enthusiastic the intention, scandalous or dressed out the events, compelling the lenses, cleaned them, and .
Advice on equipping a kitchen in the 19th century Catherine Beecher had firm ideas about what was needed for a well-run household. Her list for the s kitchen in the USA included: In a prosperous American household in a “prudent and generous mistress” would supply her cook “with ample provision of all such things as her important department requires All these articles are indispensable, and there are a great many other useful implements which modern ingenuity has brought into use, and which it would be well to introduce into a fully-arranged kitchen.
Mary Ann Bryan Mason A book aimed at an English couple setting up home in a small cottage in the first half of the 19th century advised: A good copper tea-kettle is the most durable this is an article I don’t know how to persuade you to do without, though some writers cry out bitterly against it. The round shape will be two or three shillings cheaper than the oval, and bears mending better.
It is not quite so fashionable, but that you have too much good sense to mind. The beauty of a copper kettle is in its durability and brightness, not its shape; and the two or three shillings saved will buy you a handy little saucepan, or gridiron, or frying-pan: